TYPES OF LONG TERM CARE
Choosing the right kind of long term care for a loved one can be a little confusing. Listed are the main types of long term care to help families better understand the differences between them and what the best choice is for their loved one.
- Community Services: Community services includes a senior day care center as well as transportation. Families are provided with meals, senior centers, transportation, adult day care and other services. [Simply, adult day care centers provide a safe and controlled environment for adults with impairments, such as Alzheimer's disease, where they can socially interact and still be a part of a community].
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- Supportive Housing Programs: This program offers affordable housing for seniors with low to moderate income. Many of these facilities offer help with meals, housekeeping, shopping and laundry. Generally, residents live in their own apartments and are independent.
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- Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC’s): Continuing care retirement communities provide a range of services dependent on what each resident needs over time where care is usually provided in one of three of the main stages: independent living, assisted living and skilled nursing.
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- Assisted Living: Assisted living provides 24 hour supervision, meals, assistance and healthcare services in a home like setting. Social and recreational activities are provided and encouraged. Services include help with eating, bathing, dressing, toileting, taking medicine, transportation, housekeeping and laundry. [Lever of care varies from facility to facility and not all take insurance].
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- Nursing Homes: Nursing homes offer care to those who cannot be care for at home or in the community. They provide rehabilitation services, skilled nursing, activities, help with daily living, meals and supervision. Many nursing homes offer temporary care such as; instead of hospital care, after hospital care or to give family and friends a break.
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- Home Care: Home care is given in the home by family members, friends, volunteers and/or paid professionals. There are two different types of home care, Hospice Care and Home Health Care. Hospice care is provided to those who are terminally ill, and Home Health Care is short term, provided by a skilled nurse or therapist and is covered by Medicare.
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